Colonia del Sacramento
del Sacramento, one of the oldest European settlements in the country,
was founded by the Portuguese in 1680. Uruguay won its independence between 1811–28
following a three-way struggle between the claims of Spain, Argentina and Brazil.
It is a democratic constitutional republic, with a president who is both the head of state and the head of government.
is one of the most developed countries in South America,
with a high GDP per capita and the 48th-highest Human Development Index in the world.
It ranks first by human development in Latin America. Uruguay is the second-smallest nation in South America