Fairhaven Memorial Church
Stained Glass Sanctuary Windows
Impressionist Painter, 1862-1929
The side windows
FEATURES AND SYMBOLS USED IN THE WINDOWS
the windows representing the Beatitudes are some portraits from life. The
central figure in clerical robe in the center panel of "Blessed are they
which hunger and thirst after righteousness", portrays the features of
Dr. Robert Collyer. For many years he was pastor of the Church of the Messiah,
now the Community Church, in New York City, and a very close friend of Mr.
Rogers. He selected the verses upon the windows and walls of the parish house,
and no doubt exerted a strong influence otherwise in the erection and design
of the church.
two girlish figures in the outer panels of "Blessed are the pure in
heart" bear the likeness of a daughter and a granddaughter of Mr. Rogers
- that at the right his
daughter, Millicent, and at the left his granddaughter, Beatrice M. Benjamin.
Millicent Rogers died at the age of eighteen. Her father built the Library in
her memory and gave it to the town in the name of her brother and sisters. The
granddaughter was fourteen years of age when the windows were made.
symbols of the twelve apostles in the aisle windows show some distinctive
characteristic or the instrument of their martyrdom.
the north side, the Crossed Keys symbolize St.
is St. Andrew, showing the Transverse Cross, which tradition tells is like
upon which he died. Owing to its peculiar shape he was fastened to it with
cords instead of nails, and he was then scourged to death.
St. John shows the Chalice with the Serpent. He is often called St. John the Divine, beloved of the Master, from whom his life seems to have been inseparable ever after he was called. John was one of those who witnessed the transfiguration. He leaned upon the bosom of our Lord at the Last Supper. He stood by the Cross in that last hour, and received his charge concerning Mary. It was St. John, with Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea, who laid the body of our Lord in the new tomb of Joseph of Arimathea. It was not until after the death of Mary that he travelled afar. He went with Peter through Judea, preaching the Gospel and converting many. In Asia Minor he founded seven churches at Ephesus. He was a vigorous preacher, and was bitterly persecuted by Domitian, and legends tell of many miraculous escapes from death at his hands. Regarding his symbol, the cup with the serpent, it is stated that Domitian, after many futile attempts to put John to death, caused poison to be put into the sacramental cup. When he took the cup, the poison came out in the form of a serpent, and John drank the wine unhurt, while the poisoner fell dead at his feet. The Apostle was afterwards accused of magic and exiled to Patmos, where he is said to have written Revelation. Mter the death of Domitian, he returned to his church at Ephesus, and there at the age of ninety he is believed to have written his gospel. He is thought to have died there a natural death at the age of probably a hundred years. An old eastern legend tells that St. John did not die. It attributes to him a miraculous ascension, founded no doubt upon the words of Jesus to Peter, John XLL, 21,22 St. James Major, the Shell. Tradition tells little of St. James Major during his life, and the stories are contradictory. Reports of miracles performed by him and in his name after his death are numerous. He was much with our Lord, and witnessed many of the eventful scenes of his life. He established the Christian faith in Spain, and is the Patron Saint of that country. On account of his frequent pilgrima"ges into Judea he was called the Pilgrim Apostle, and as such is often shown with the pilgrim staff and wallet. Bitterly persecuted by the Jews, he was put to death by Herod.
Philip, the Triple Cross. Beyond the fact that Philip was the first called to
follow the Saviour, little is told of
Bartholomew, the Knife. After the ascension of our Lord, St. Bartholomew
wandered through India carrying the Gospel of St. Matthew. He preached in
Armenia and Silicia. He suffered a horrible death at Albanopolis, being first
flayed and then crucified. His symbol is a large knife. Sometimes he has his
own skin hanging over his arm.
the south side of the church, beginning at the eastern end, the first figure
is St. Paul. His symbol is the Downturned Sword. Stories of his life have
furnished inexhaustible subjects for church art. Two swords are often assigned
to him; the one upturned or held aloft signifies his fight for the faith; the
downturned sword is the symbol of his martyrdom.
Simon, whose symbol is the Saw. One tradition tells that St. Simon was one of
the shepherds to whom the birth of Jesus was revealed. The legends are rather contradictory,
but all agree as to the manner of his death, t?at he was sawed into pieces.
Matthew, the Open Book. Early traditions placed St. Matthew first among the
Evangelists, as the author of the first gospel. Later traditions contradict
this. He is often given a large purse as his symbol, signifying Levi, the
tax-gatherer. The Scriptures tell that when Christ called, Matthew immediately
left all else to obey; and he made a great feast in his house, at which Jesus
with his disciples sat with publicans and sinners to the horror of the Jews.
Mter the separation of the Apostles, Matthew preached twenty-three years in
Egypt and Ethiopia. The manner of his death is doubtful. The Greek legend says
he died peacefully, but the western traditions say be suffered martyrdom in
the time of Domitian.
James Minor, the Scroll and Fuller's Club. This saint frequently was called
St. James the Just. His mother was a sister of the Virgin Mary; thus he was
cousin to the Saviour, but often was styled "the Lord's brother". He
is said to have borne a striking resemblanCe . to Jesus, so close that they
were at times mistaken for each other, and it was this circumstance which made
necessary the kiss of Judas. The epistle of James bespeaks the piety and
love for which he was venerated. He is distinguished as the first Christian
Bishop of Jerusalem. The Jews hurled him from one of the terraces of the
Temple, and as he fell his brains were beaten out with a fuller's club, which
instrument of his death is his proper attribute in works of Church art.
St. Jude, the Halbred, or Spear. St. Jude, Thaddeus or Lebbeus, is said to have been a brother of St. Simon. They went about together preaching the Gospel in Syria and Mesopotamia, and were martyred in Persia, St. Jude being pierced with the spear. He is often shown with arrows in his body, as one tradition declares he was shot with arrows after being pierced with the spear.
Thomas, the Builder's Rule, or Square. St. Thomas was a Gallilean fisherman.
He appears to have been affectionate and self-sacrificing. "Let us go
also that we may die with him." But so great was his incredulity that he
has always been remembered for that rather than for his other characteristics.
According to tradition, he travelled very far into the East, founded a church
in India, and met the three Magi, whom he baptized. The legend, according him
as a symbol the builder's square, is that when Thomas was at Caesarea, he had
a vision in which Christ appeared and told him that Gondoforus, King of the
Indies, had sent his provost to find an architect to build him a palace more
gorgeous than that of the Roman emperor. Jesus desired St. Thomas to undertake
this labor. Gondoforus gave Thomas much treasure and after commanding the
building of the magnificent palace, went to a distant country and remained
two years. Thomas did not build a palace, but gave all the riches with which
he had been entrusted to the poor and sick. When the King returned he was very
angry and ordered that St. Thomas should be cast into prison, there to await
the most tortuous death his mind could conceive. At this time the brother of
the King died Four days later, runs the legend, he sat upright and spoke to
the King, saying, "The man whom thou wouldst torture is a servant of
God; behold, I have been in Paradise, and the angels showed to me a wondrous
palace of gold and silver and precious stones; and they said, 'This is the palace
that Thomas the architect hath built for thy brother, King Gondoforus'."
Whereupon the King hastened to the prison to liberate Thomas. The Apostle
said, "Knowest thou not that those who would possess heavenly things have
little care for the things of this earth? There are in Heaven rich palaces
without number, which were prepared from the beginning of the world for those
who purchase their possessions through faith and charity. Thy riches, 0 King,
may prepare the way for thee to such a palace, but they cannot follow thee
windows in the south porch bear the symbols of the Evangelists. Individual
application of these would be:
Matthew, The Cherub, which most resembles a human being, was given to St.
Matthew because he speaks more of the human than of the divine nature of our
Luke. The Winged Ox. The ox was assigned to St. Luke because he especially
sets forth the priesthood of Christ, and the ox is symbolical of sacrifice.
John. The Eagle, an emblem of the lofty flights of John's inspiration.
small windows bear the lily, cross, crown, and other motifs.